Baboons (Papio Anubis)

Heavily built and mainly terrestrial, baboons can be distinguished from any other monkey found in Uganda by their larger size and distinctive dog-like head.

They live in large troops with a complex and rigid social structure held together by matriarchal lineages. Males frequently move between troops in their search for social dominance.

Baboons are omnivorous and highly adaptable, for which reason they are the most widespread primate in Africa. Four types of baboon live in sub-Saharan Africa.


The olive baboon, the only type of baboon found in Uganda, is accorded full species status (Papio anubis) by some authorities and designated as a race of the yellow savanna baboon (Papio cyanocephalus) by others.

Baboons are widespread and common in Uganda: they occur in all but the three montane national parks and are frequently seen on the fringes of forest reserves and even along the roadside elsewhere in the country.