About 85% of Uganda’s population is Christian, divided roughly between the Anglican (Protestant Church of Uganda) and the roman Catholic Church. In most rural areas, these exotic religions have not entirely replaced traditional beliefs, so that many people practice both concurrently.

Roughly 11% of Ugandans practice Islam, a legacy of the Arab trade with Buganda in the 19th Century. There’s little or no friction between Christian and Muslim faiths in modern Uganda, though post-independence political conflict did follow Catholic-Protestant lines. Hindu is practiced by the Indian community in Uganda (research needed). Animism is still practiced by some groups in some parts of the country, most notably in the northeast by the Karamojong, affiliated Maasai and other Rift Valley pastoralists who largely shun any exotic culture and faith in favor of their own traditions.